Paraphrasing is the use of your own words to express the author's ideas without changing the meaning. Paraphrasing does not mean just rearranging or changing a few words from the original.

How to paraphrase:

  • Express the author's ideas with your own words.
  • Keep in mind the author's meaning.
  • Do not use the original sentence structure.
  • ALWAYS give credit to the author.
  • Consult manuals for forms of citations and references in different styles.

Example 1: Paraphrasing - Plagiarism

Original Source Material
Student's Version

Business plays a mammoth role in workforce development, but many environments are inhospitable to learning, and business goals may fail to serve the learner. The competitive global economy has caused employers to take a greater interest in human resource development because it is through people, not technology, that competitive edge is gained.

Corporations play a huge role in labor force development, but many places are not friendly to learning, and business targets may not serve the student. The competitive world economy has made employers have a greater interest in employees' development as it is with human resources, not technology, that a competitive advantage is achieved.

Source:
Bierema, L. L. (2000). Moving beyond performance paradigms in human resource development. In A. L. Wilson & E. R. Hayes (Eds.), Handbook of adult and continuing education (pp. 278-293). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Reference:
Bierema, L. L. (2000). Moving beyond performance paradigms in human resource development. In A. L. Wilson & E. R. Hayes (Eds.), Handbook of adult and continuing education (pp. 278-293). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Analysis:

  • Changing words for synonyms is NOT paraphrasing.
  • The author is not cited as the source of the ideas expressed in the text.
  • The reference (APA style) has no use if the author is not cited in the text.

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