Word for word plagiarism occurs when a text or parts of it are copied verbatim from an original work without acknowledging the author. The lack of quotation marks at the beginning and end of a short passage, or indention for a longer one is considered plagiarism. The use of a citation, a footnote, or an endnote only indicates that the information has a source, but lacks to acknowledge that the original words from the author are being used. Either quotation marks or block indention must be used when the original work is copied word for word.

The following examples will provide students' versions of original materials and an analysis of those versions in terms of plagiarism.

Example 1: Word-for-Word Plagiarism

Original Source Material
Student's Version
Business plays a mammoth role in workforce development, but many environments are inhospitable to learning, and business goals may fail to serve the learner. The competitive global economy has caused employers to take a greater interest in human resource development because it is through people, not technology, that competitive edge is gained. Business plays a mammoth role in workforce development, but many environments are inhospitable to learning, and business goals may fail to serve the learner (Bierema, 2000).
Source:
Bierema, L. L. (2000). Moving beyond performance paradigms in human resource development. In A. L. Wilson & E. R. Hayes (Eds.), Handbook of adult and continuing education (pp. 278-293). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Reference:
Bierema, L. L. (2000). Moving beyond performance paradigms in human resource development. In A. L. Wilson & E. R. Hayes (Eds.), Handbook of adult and continuing education (pp. 278-293). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Analysis:

  • Note that the author is cited -Bierema 2000- in the student's version (APA style). However, the paragraph should be in quotation marks as the author's words are used verbatim.
  • Including a reference (APA style) has no use if the author has not been cited in the text.

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